All philosophy has to begin from the standpoint of an aware being. That is, there is no philosophy without one “I” who thinks and wonders.
I think. I wonder.
That is not to say that every philosophy is subjective. The ideas stretch into the world. The philosophy mixes itself into the things. But it does so only through experience. It does so only in people’s lives.
Self-reliance in philosophy is not a truth, though. It must be an assumption. We work with it, but there is nothing in the world that forces us to do so. It is not a consequence of nature, or Bog, or anything. It is a tool.
But forsaking this one tool is not a good idea. It allows us to deal with our ideas, instead of being dealt by them. It allows us to use ideas as tools. Which is to say — it is a bootstraping idea.
Even external sources for truth — Bacon’s empirical data, Kant’s structure of mind and all other episthemological guarantees — have to be experienced by a sensible entity before being incorporated into a science or knowledge. That is why there is no Truth that can be relied upon always. Any thinking being must be adjusting and steering between various references as he goes along.
Curiously, it means we use authorities. We do not fear appeals to authority. We do have sources of truth, we aknowledge referentials. We just do so with many of them.
And the most important authority is always the very being that thinks. The anchor i use for my ideas is myself.
I believe so and so because i have lived that and that.
It is to another sensible being that we can appeal in a dialogue. We do not ask for proof in the form of a static thing, graspable, final. Instead, we ask which experiences the other one had that led him to think as he does. We share things that happen to us.
And we do not (…)
In a way this both contradicts and reafirms the two main currents of epistemology, empiricism and idealism.